Medieval artefacts dating as far back as the Bronze Age were declared a treasure by the Welsh Government this week.
The items, which were found between 2020 and 2022, include a hoard of bronze artefacts such as axes, spearheads, rings and a sword scabbard. The objects were discovered by Dr. Peter Anning and Alex Evans in February 2021 on an empty field in Wales where drainage work had been carried out. The objects were dated between 1000 and 800 BC and it is likely that they were deliberately buried in the ground by a local community in a ritual ceremony, Wales’ Amgueddfa Cymru museum said in a press release.
“This collection of mostly small artefact fragments provides a fascinating insight into the rich tapestry of life in Late Bronze Age Cardiff,” said Charles Griffiths, a researcher at the museum affiliated with the University of Reading. “Through these objects we gain insight into the range of connections with distant societies which would have helped people to thrive in this part of Cardiff some 3,000 years ago.”
Once the treasure is evaluated by the country’s treasure assessment committee, the museum said it is interested in acquiring the items. Adam Gwilt, the principal curator of prehistory at the museum, called the assemblage a “significant” find that “adds to the bigger regional picture” of the Bronze Age culture and area.
Anning also discovered two of the other items that had been declared treasures. One, a fragment of a Roman silver ring, he found in April 2020 while metal detecting. In February 2022, Anning found a medieval silver brooch pin in the same area, again with a metal detector. This pin dates from the 13th or 14th century, the museum said, and the items can be acquired by Wales’ Cowbridge & District Museum.
“I’m not quite sure how I ended up [so] many tax cases in such a short period!” Anning said in a statement. respective collections.”
Another silver ring fragment was found in November 2022 when Richard Murton used a metal detector in a field in Powys, Wales. This ring is from the first or second century, the museum said, and probably originally had a semi-precious stone or glass setting. Powysland Museum and Welshpool Library have expressed interest in acquiring the ring.
Similar treasures were found in Wales earlier this year. Two piles of coins found by metal detectors in 2018 ended up being buried Roman treasures, Amgueddfa Cymru.